Jenny Gallop

Group leader

Research summary

Signalling to the actin cytoskeleton

Cells move during embryonic development and throughout the life of an organism. When they move, cells reorganise a system of filaments - the actin cytoskeleton - that gives them their shape and exerts force on the surrounding tissues. When regulation of the actin cytoskeleton is disrupted it can lead to cancer metastasis, intellectual disability, kidney dysfunction and other problems.

Expand summary

We study how the actin cytoskeleton is assembled in different ways. The cell membrane is an important site of control of actin rearrangements because it is the boundary between the outside and inside of the cell and is responsible for initiating communication between and within cells, which is called signalling. 

We have developed cell-free systems using phospholipid bilayers and frog egg extracts that allow us to find out how signalling lipids in the cell membrane precisely control the molecular events of actin assembly. We combine these cell-free systems with the use of fruit flies, frog embryos and cultured human cells to test and generate hypotheses about the molecular events underlying actin regulation during development and disease. 

Reconstruction of filopodia-like structures growing from a supported lipid bilayer.

Watching filopodia grow: Three-dimensional reconstruction of filopodia-like structures growing from a supported lipid bilayer. The structures were segmented based on fluorescent actin intensity in a stack of microscopy images of size 76.13 x 76.13 x 30 microns. Colours were randomly assigned as a guide for the eye. The segmentation was performed using a custom image-analysis pipeline.

Jenny Gallop colour portrait

Selected publications

  • Dobramysl U et al. (2021) Stochastic combinations of actin regulatory proteins are sufficient to drive filopodia formation.  J Cell Biol 220: e202003052. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.202003052.

    March 19, 2021

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  • Berquez M et al. (2020) The phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor alpelisib restores actin organization and improves proximal tubule dysfunction in vitro and in a mouse model of Lowe syndrome and Dent disease. Kidney Int. 98: 883–896. DOI: 10.1016/j.kint.2020.05.040.

    September 9, 2020

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  • Jarsch IK et al. (2020) A role for SNX9 in the biogenesis of filopodia. J Cell Biol 219(4): e201909178. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201909178.

    March 25, 2020

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  • Daste F et al. (2017) Control of actin polymerization via the coincidence of phosphoinositides and high membrane curvature. J Cell Biol 216: 3745–3765. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201704061.

    September 18, 2017

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Biography

Dr Jenny Gallop PhD, Group Leader, Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow, Associate Professor in the University Department of Biochemistry

Jenny grew up in Bristol, UK and studied Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry at Trinity College, University of Oxford where she was awarded the Titley Exhibition and graduated with First Class Honours in 2001. She gained a Medical Research Council Pre-doctoral Fellowship to undertake her PhD at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, where she discovered how BAR domain proteins generate membrane curvature with Dr Harvey McMahon and Dr Phil Evans, for which she was awarded the Max Perutz student prize.

Gaining an EMBO fellowship in 2006, Jenny moved field towards cell biology and development, starting her work on the actin cytoskeleton using Xenopus as a model system in her postdoc with Professor Marc Kirschner at Harvard Medical School. Dr Gallop returned to the UK in 2011 to set up her lab at the Gurdon Institute with a Wellcome Trust Career Development Fellowship and an ERC Starting Grant in 2012.

Her work is highly interdisciplinary, incorporating biochemical mechanism, advanced in vivo and in vitro imaging, quantification and disease models to understand the mechanisms of filopodia formation and actin regulation by phosphoinositide lipids. She has translated her discoveries into rare disease and was appointed to the Medical and Scientific Advisory boards of the Lowe Syndrome Association and Dent Disease Foundation in 2021 in recognition of her contributions to mechanistic understanding and drug repurposing.

Notable achievements and honours

  • 2020
    Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry
  • 2020
    Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellowship
  • 2015
    AcademiaNet Selection
  • 2012
    ERC Starting Grant
  • 2011
    Wellcome Trust Research Career Development Fellowship
  • 2006
    EMBO Long term Fellowship
  • 2005
    Max Perutz student Prize
  • 2001
    MRC Predoctoral Fellowship

Research group

  • Dr Thomas Blake

    Research Associate

  • Dr Jonathan Gadsby

    Research Associate

  • Pantelis Savvas Ioannou

    Research Associate

  • Julia Mason

    Research Associate

  • Aminah Thomas

    MPhil Student

  • Pankti Vaishnav

    PhD Student/ Research Assistant

  • Adam Wolowczyk